‘Nostra Aetate’: A Lever That Moved the World


The 2016 John Courtney Murray, S.J., Lecture, delivered by Rabbi Daniel Polish. America Magazine, January 14, 2016

Coverage in America includes a transcript and video of the entire lecture, and can be accessed here.

Rabbi Daniel Polish

January 12, 2016, New York

It is a great honor to be with you this evening. I am grateful to America Magazine and to Matt Malone for inviting me to share some reflections on the “Nostra Aetate,” the document from the Second Vatican Council that was issued 50 years ago last Oct. 28. (more)

Rabbi Daniel Polish

Rabbi Polish serves Congregation Shir Chadash of the Hudson Valley in LaGrangeville, N.Y., and is vice-chairman of the International Committee for Interreligious Consultations. He is also the author of Bringing the Psalms to Life, Jewish Lights Publishing, 2001.

Pope Francis Visits the Major Temple of Rome


Pope Francis visit to Synagogue in Rome

Today Pope Francis, as part of his ongoing efforts to express solidarity with the Jewish people, visited the Major Temple of Rome.  This excellent article from the Catholic News Agency provides a historical perspective.

‘How good it is for brothers to be together’ – a papal history in synagogues

By Angela Ambrogetti 

.- On Sunday Pope Francis will become the third pontiff to cross the threshold of the Major Temple in Rome, the most important and significant synagogue in the city.

Thirty years have passed since the historic visit of John Paul II in 1986, and in these decades the relationship between Jews and Catholics has become closer, more intense, and, because of this, not absent of difficulty. (more)



A new Vatican document has broken theological ground by stating explicitly that Jews can be saved despite not believing in Jesus Christ. A Jewish commentator hails the conclusion as the most significant advance in Christian-Jewish dialogue in half a century. The Tablet, The International Catholic News Weekly, January 7, 2016

Fifty years ago, the Second Vatican Council published an epoch-changing document on relations with Jews and Judaism entitled Nostra Aetate, which means “In Our Time”. It symbolised a transformation in Jewish-Christian dialogue and, according to a leading American campaigner against anti-Semitism, Fr Edward Flannery, “terminated in a stroke a millennial teaching of contempt of Jews and Judaism and unequivocally asserted the Church’s debt to its Jewish heritage”.(more)

Edward Kessler

Edward Kessler

Dr Edward Kessler MBE is Founder Director of the Woolf Institute and Fellow of St Edmund’s College, Cambridge. He is a leading thinker in interfaith relations, primarily, Jewish-Christian-Muslim Relations. In 2007, Dr Kessler was described by The Times Higher Education Supplement as ‘probably the most prolific interfaith figure in British academia’ and was awarded an MBE in 2011 for services to interfaith relations. The Woolf Institute, University of Cambridge

The Woolf Institute is a global leader in the academic study of relations between Jews, Christians and Muslims.




Austin Interfaith

From the West / Southwest Industrial Areas Foundation:

Last July, Hidden Valley / High Meadows (mobile home) residents became distressed when lot rents for people on month-to-month leases were raised for the second time within a 12-month period.  New rules mandated improvements and standardizations — adding new costs to residents — including deck and railing upgrades, paint jobs, skirting repair, shed standardization, and control over inside window coverings.  Families were asked to demonstrate possession of a drivers’ license to drive on the property, impacting hundreds of residents. Many families scrambled to comply; some left.

A couple residents reached out to the pastor of their church, a member congregation of  Austin Interfaith, and their local councilperson who called in Austin Interfaith and Texas RioGrande Legal Aid (TRLA) for support.  Within two months, resident officers founded their association (Hidden Valley / High Meadows Residents’ Association) and signed up over 200 households as members. (more)

International Council of Christians and Jews President Dr. Philip Cunningham Summarizes 2015 in Interreligious Relations


ICCJ logo


The following New Year’s Message was composed by Dr. Philip Cunningham, President of the International Council of Christians and Jews. Dr. Cunningham also serves as director of the Institute for Jewish-Catholic Relations of Saint Joseph’s University. The Justice Factory is grateful to Dr. Eugene Fisher for forwarding this information, posted here with the permission of Dr. Cunningham.

ICCJ – President’s New Year’s Greetings for 2016

Dr Philip A. Cunningham, ICCJ President

January 1, 2016

Dear Members of the ICCJ Family, our member organizations and friends:

Best wishes to everyone for health and happiness in the New Year of 2016 on the common calendar! The turn of the year is a chance for reflection on the past year and for looking forward to the year ahead. In terms of interreligious relations generally, 2015 has been a year with both positive and negative features.

On the positive side, there were in 2015 many celebrations and retrospective assessments of the progress made in Christian-Jewish relations on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of the Second Vatican Council declaration, Nostra Aetate. A highlight for the ICCJ was the annual conference in Rome that was hosted by the Amicizia Ebraico-Cristiana di Roma in collaboration with the Commission of the Holy See for Religious Relations with the Jews. In addition to a private audience with Pope Francis, during which the pontiff offered significant remarks and then personally greeted the more than 260 ICCJ participants, the conference featured numerous substantive plenary and workshop sessions that considered the past, present, and future of interreligious relations. Much of the content of these sessions is available on ICCJ’s website (www.iccj.org) and a DVD containing additional material as workshop and other reports, pictures and videos is in preparation.

There were also significant anniversary observances held in many countries around the world, several sponsored by ICCJ national member organizations. Important statements and publications were issued in connection with these observances. Besides an ICCJ document in June that was endorsed by most of our national member organizations, toward the end of the year three notable statements were promulgated by the French Jewish community, by a group of American, European, and Israeli Orthodox rabbis, and by the Commission of the Holy See for Religious Relations with the Jews. Here are some quotations from such texts and statements by prominent leaders that personally struck me as very noteworthy:

The Christian confessions find their unity in Christ; Judaism finds its unity in the Torah. Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the Word of God made flesh in the world; for Jews the Word of God is present above all in the Torah. Both faith traditions find their foundation in the One God, the God of the Covenant, who reveals himself through his Word. … This pattern of theological reflection on the relationship between Judaism and Christianity arises precisely from Nostra Aetate (cf. no. 4), and upon this solid basis can be and must developed yet further.
Pope Francis, “Address to the International Council of Christians and Jews”

In a move whose sincerity has been proven, the Church has made a decisive turning point of theological significance. … This reversal … sanctifies God’s name, forever commands respect, and constitutes a precedent of exemplary character for all religions and spiritual beliefs on the planet. What is our duty, now that the highest representatives of Christian institutions have expressed the wish to be replanted, to be regrafted onto the trunk of Israel? To welcome Christianity as the religion of our brothers and sisters in synergy with Judaism.
French Jewish leaders, “Declaration for the Upcoming Jubilee of Brotherhood”

From the Christian confession that there can be only one path to salvation, however, it does not in any way follow that the Jews are excluded from God’s salvation because they do not believe in Jesus Christ as the Messiah of Israel and the Son of God. Such a claim would find no support in the soteriological understanding of Saint Paul, who… decisively asserts: “For the gifts and the call of God are irrevocable” (Rom 11:29). That the Jews are participants in God’s salvation is theologically unquestionable, but how that can be possible without confessing Christ explicitly, is and remains an unfathomable divine mystery.
Commission of the Holy See for Religious Relations with the Jews,
“‘The Gifts and Calling of God are Irrevocable’ (Rom 11:29): A Reflection on Theological Questions Pertaining to Catholic-Jewish Relations on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of Nostra Aetate (No. 4).”

[W]e acknowledge that Christianity is neither an accident nor an error, but the willed divine outcome and gift to the nations. In separating Judaism and Christianity, G-d willed a separation between partners with significant theological differences, not a separation between enemies. … Now that the Catholic Church has acknowledged the eternal Covenant between G-d and Israel, we Jews can acknowledge the ongoing constructive validity of Christianity as our partner in world redemption, without any fear that this will be exploited for missionary purposes.
Group of Orthodox Rabbis, “To Do the Will of Our Father in Heaven:
Toward a Partnership between Jews and Christians.”

As religious people, we believe that making mutual interreligious understanding the priority must guide all of our conversations and actions in the years ahead. We need to strive to be critically self-aware of how our own respective presuppositions and histories can hinder genuine empathy and insight.
ICCJ, “Celebrating and Deepening the New Christian-Jewish Relationship.”

To attack Jews is anti-Semitism, but an outright attack on the State of Israel is also anti-Semitism. There may be political disagreements between governments and on political issues, but the State of Israel has every right to exist in safety and prosperity.
Pope Francis, remarks to a World Jewish Congress delegation.

And I say to you that a true Jew cannot be anti-Christian or anti-Muslim.
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin at reception for heads of Israeli Christian communities.

Even removed from their larger contexts, these quotations testify to the advances of recent decades in interreligious understanding. They also provide cues for how the new relationship between Jews and Christians can further develop and how deeper ties with Islam can be pursued.

As we’re all deeply aware, 2015 also witnessed the intensification and spread of wanton terrorism, frequently accompanied by incitements to hatred and violence couched in pseudo-religious language. The mass murder of innocent people, some targeted because of their religious affiliation, contributed to the displacement of vast populations of helpless refugees. In several countries extreme and divisive rhetoric played on religious and ethnic fears for political advantage.

These circumstances make even more crucial the mission we all share of providing accurate information about religious traditions and dispelling stereotypes and vile caricatures. In September, the ICCJ’s Executive Board and the International Abrahamic Forum issued “You Shall Love the Stranger as Yourself (Lev 19:34): A Statement on Migration and Refugees in Europe”, which concluded, “Let our shared religious values shine forth and welcome all seeking refuge, irrespective of race or religion.” Additionally, in December the International Abrahamic Forum, in cooperation with the Council of Christians and Jews of the United Kingdom and other local organizations, offered a highly-praised seminar in Manchester, U.K. entitled “Challenging Antisemitism and Islamophobia.” National member organizations have also launched many noble initiatives in service of interreligious amity.

On behalf of the Executive Board, I want to thank everyone who labors with great dedication to unite people of different religious heritages in our common humanity, especially in a climate that promotes division and fear. We stand ready to be of service to our member organizations as best we can.

Some of the challenges we all face stem from the fact that people of different religious convictions are increasingly in contact with one another on a shrinking globe. Religious pluralism and how it affects different national contexts has been a theme of recent ICCJ annual conferences, and we will return to it at our 2016 gathering in Philadelphia. Hosted by the national member organization for the United States, the Council of Centers on Jewish-Christian Relations (ccjr.us), it will occur from Sunday, 10 July through Wednesday, 13 July 2016. The theme will be “The Dynamics of Religious Pluralism in a Changing World: The Philadelphia, USA, and International Contexts.” The new year of 2016 will mark the 240th anniversary of the signing in Philadelphia of the “Declaration of Independence,” a document that led in 1789 to the Constitution’s “non-establishment” clause, which legally prohibits preferential treatment by the government of any particular religious tradition. In the course of history, this principle has sometimes been ignored, but it is appropriate that it was inscribed in the city founded by the Quaker William Penn as a place where all religions could be practiced freely. The 2016 ICCJ conference will explore this and other topics—ongoing and new—that impinge on interreligious relations.

Allow me to conclude with a catena of excerpts from an essay by Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel. Although written fifty years ago, his insights are perhaps even more compelling in 2016 than they were in 1966:
The religions of the world are no more self-sufficient, no more independent, no more isolated than individuals or nations. Energies, experiences and ideas that come to life outside the boundaries of a particular religion or all religions continue to challenge and to affect every religion. Horizons are wider, dangers are greater. No religion is an island. We are all involved with one another. Spiritual betrayal on the part of one of us affects the faith of all of us. Today religious isolationism is a myth. We must choose between interfaith and inter-nihilism. Should we refuse to be on speaking terms with one another and hope for each other’s failure? Or should we pray for each other’s health, and help one another in preserving one’s respective legacy, in preserving a common legacy? Is it not our duty to help one another in trying to overcome hardness of heart, in cultivating a sense of wonder and mystery, in unlocking doors to holiness in time? Perhaps it is the will of God that in this aeon there should be diversity in our forms of devotion and commitment to Him. In this aeon diversity of religions is the will of God.
Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, “No Religion is an Island”,
Union Seminary Quarterly Review ​


Indiana U. Study: Faith-Based Community Organizing Can Be A Model



BLOOMINGTON, Ind. — Anti-Muslim rhetoric in political campaigns and panic about terrorist attacks have raised questions about how Muslim Americans can avoid being marginalized and find pathways to become more integrated into the nation’s civic life.

One such pathway, according to a recent study by an Indiana University researcher, may be through involvement in faith-based community organizing coalitions. These coalitions bring together groups from different religious backgrounds to address social, economic and political issues.

Brad R. Fulton, assistant professor in the IU School of Public and Environmental Affairs and the lead researcher for the study, said such coalitions can help integrate marginalized individuals into the larger society, and they promote a compelling narrative that poor and working-class communities can improve their quality of life through broad-based organizing.

“This model has promise,” Fulton said. “It’s already in place, and it’s designed to be inclusive and to help people who are underrepresented and marginalized to have a voice and to be known.”

Read full article here.

New Jersey Rabbi: “The miraculous had become a reality of daily life. “


The Amazing Way Two Huge Religions Made Peace

Rabbi Joshua Stanton

December 20, 2015

A reflection from attn.com by Rabbi Joshua Stanton, Assistant Rabbi at Temple B’nai Jeshurun in Short Hills, New Jersey and a Board member of the International Jewish Committee on Interreligious Consultations, on the transformative power of 50 years of improved Jewish-Catholic relations.


John Lewis Accepts “Social Justice Award” from Oakwood University Church


John Lewis at Oakwood University Church.

The great John Lewis, civil rights champion and survivor of the Edmund Pettis Bridge in Selma in 1965 and key figure in the March on Washington;  long-serving Congressman from Georgia and The Justice Factory “Hero of Social Justice,” accepts the “Social Justice Award” from the Oakwood University Church in Huntsville, Alabama. Exceptional video of his acceptance speech, provided courtesy of Oakwood University Church.

Simon Wiesenthal Center Exhibit Opens at the Vatican


From the Simon Wiesenthal Center:

Simon Wiesenthal Center Exhibit

Vatican City
December 2, 2015

Ambassadors from 20 nations joined Rome’s Chief Rabbi, Cardinal Kurt Koch, academics and students at Vatican City’s Pontifical Urbaniana University for the launch of the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s historical exhibition,

People. Book. Land. The 3,500 Year Relationship of the Jewish People With The Holy Land.

Vatican Commission for Religious Relations With The Jews Issues Historic Document


The Vatican Commission for Religious Relations With The Jews today released a ground-breaking document on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of “Nostra Aetate.”


(Rom 11:29)


The text of the document, which was presented by Cardinal Kurt Koch, President of the Commission, can be accessed at the Vatican website here.

Additional statements can be accessed at the Council of Centers on Jewish-Christian Relations as follows:

In the days ahead follow-up comments and reactions will be posted on TheJusticeFactory.org.